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Maurice Leblanc's book Arsne Lupin (Paris, 1907) marked the first appearance of the fictional French jewel thief. The opening title credits of the film place an accent over the first "e" in Arsne, however, the name is shown written or printed several times throughout the film without the accent. According to news items in Hollywood Reporter in 1936, the film was originally intended as a vehicle for William Powell as Arsne Lupin and Spencer Tracy as the American detective, with a screenplay by George Harmon Coxe and Erich von Stroheim. In February 1937, it was announced that Myrna Loy had been added to the cast, then, in August 1937, Robert Montgomery was named as Powell's successor. Melvyn Douglas, Warren William and Virginia Bruce were named as the eventual stars shortly before production began. Stroheim's name is not mentioned in connection with the screenplay after 1936, and the extent of his participation in the completed film has not been determined. A news item in Hollywood Reporter on December 14, 1937 noted that actress Ula Love had just been added to the cast. but her participation in the released film has not been confirmed. For information on other films based on Leblanc's character, for the 1932 M-G-M picture Arsne Lupin.