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Leon Gordon's onscreen credit reads: "Written and produced by Leon Gordon." The film ends with the following written acknowledgment: "The battle sequences of this picture were photographed at the Khyber Pass, India, and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer expresses its deep appreciation to all those who made it possible." The film's title was taken from the song of the same name, a traditional British army marching tune. Hollywood Reporter and Daily Variety news items from December 1951 and January 1952 reported that Gordon was about to go to India to film backgrounds for the film in the Khyber Pass at "practically the same locale as Gordon's last production for Metro, Kim" (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1941-50). However, according to a April 21, 1952 Hollywood Reporter "Rambling Reporter" column, M-G-M "slapped a twenty-day shooting schedule" on the production, which would be using "stock shots" from the studio's 1950 Indian-set adventure, Kim. There is no indication, either in Hollywood Reporter production charts or other contemporary sources, that Gordon shot part of Rogue's March in India, and it is likely that the acknowledgment at the end of the film referred to footage actually shot for the earlier Kim.
The uprising depicted within the film, and the connection to the Russian government, was not historically accurate and combined some factual details from different time periods with fiction. According to a Daily Variety news items, both Robert Taylor and Stewart Granger were "earmarked" as the lead when M-G-M activated Gordon's project in late 1951. Sir Sydney Lawford, a retired Lt. Gen. in the British army, and Peter Lawford's father, made a brief appearance as a general in the film.